If you have a device with a 1080p screen (e.g. Lumia 930 or 1520) then the difference is huge in terms of how the screen is used and the size of fonts and controls. Devices with a 720p or 768p screen, i.e. the majority, won't see such drama, but menus and functions still look cleaner, plus you're getting to play with the next generation of the client. And, if it crashes, get to help the programmers work out what went wrong with an auto-sent email report.
From the Store description:
Keeping up with friends is faster than ever. See what friends are up to, share updates, photos and videos, and get notified when friends like and comment on your posts. See what’s new with your Facebook friends from inside the People app, and sync Facebook events to the Calendar app.
Thanks for being a part of our beta and helping to make Facebook even better on Windows Phone. Help us build a better app by sending feedback via Settings > Feedback in the app.
Here's the new app in action:
The plan then is for this v10 beta to get tweaked and released as an update for the official Facebook client. I'm guessing that this will be around the time of the Lumia 950 and 950 XL availability, though this works equally well on Windows Phone 8.1 and in any case you can enjoy it all now, in advance.